Introduction Endoscopic surgery is the buzzword among patients who have to undergo surgery these days. Such surgical procedures are also referred to as minimally invasive surgery or keyhole surgeries. “While the term is pretty vague, ‘minimally invasive’ – or endoscopic or ‘keyhole’ surgery – generally means operations that are less...
Introduction Background Information With more than 7.65 followers all over the world, Jehovah’s Witnesses can be considered as one of the minor-stream religions in the world. According to Holden (2002), this religion can be described as a restorationist Christian denomination which is significantly different from mainstream Christianity. Unlike the mainstream...
Executive Summary Surgeries often lead to some form of bleeding. However, severe bleeding leads to morbidity and mortality. An undetected pre-existing bleeding disorder or a coagulation abnormality may worsen this outcome. If pre-existing bleeding disorders and coagulation abnormalities occur at the same time, severe perioperative bleeding may occur. To mitigate...
Introduction The skin is the primary defense for the human body (Bluestein & Javaheri, 2008). Once this defense is breached, a person is open to a wide range of pathogens, some which were previously normal flora turning pathogenic. Therefore, at any one point, measures should be taken to enhance the...
Introduction Organ donation refers to the surgical removal of the body organ from one individual to allow for the transplantation into another individual. The individual donating the organ is referred to as the donor, while the patient receiving is referred to as the recipient. For a successful transplant, both the...
Minimally invasive procedures continue to increase in popularity since these techniques mean substantially less trauma for the patient, less expensive for them, and less workload for the surgeons. “The field of image-guided procedures is one subset of minimally invasive procedures in which medical images are used to provide guidance during...
One should imagine how a dose of food passes through the entire system. Any bolus starts its journey from the mouth where the jaw breaks down the food into pieces. Next shredded food goes through a windpipe, the so-called esophagus, to the stomach. The stomach works like a container that...
Abstract This paper is a review of the article, “Silence, Power and Communication in the Operating Room” by Gardezi et al. (2009). The article’s major points are summarized and highlights of how the findings could be applied in practice are given. A retrospective study was conducted by the authors in...