👨‍⚕️ Essays on Endocrinology

Type 2 Diabetes’ Chronic Symptoms and Pathophysiology

Introduction Diabetes is one of the key chronic diseases that seriously affect the health of populations, along with obesity and cardiovascular dysfunctions. In Australia, the rates of people diagnosed with diabetes mellitus increase, which creates the need to properly understand its pathophysiology and potential steps to assist patients. This paper...

Endocrinology

Diabetes Mellitus: Diagnosis and Management

Type 1 Diabetes There are two types of diabetes, namely, type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition that occurs when antibodies start attacking the pancreas (Leslie & Grant, 2018). This condition often begins in childhood. It is mainly caused by genetic predisposition and faulty beta...

Endocrinology

Type 1 and 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Symptoms and Care

Introduction Diabetes is a severe health concern both in the US and globally, and due to this reason, it is necessary to examine the specific aspects of this condition. There are two distinct types of diabetes, which differ in manifestations and prognosis. This paper aims to investigate type 1 and...

Endocrinology

Autoimmune Diseases: Type 1 Diabetes

Introduction Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that affects the pancreas, causing disruptions in the production of insulin. As a result, patients with this autoimmune condition have high blood glucose and other metabolic issues, which can have a severe impact on health. Like most other autoimmune diseases, type 1...

Endocrinology

Cardiovascular System, Endocrine System, and Homeostasis

Homeostasis is the state of equilibrium that is necessary for the functioning of a living organism. Several systems within the human body, such as the endocrine and the cardiovascular system, maintain it. These systems’ function is critical to survival, as disruptions to their ability to maintain this equilibrium can cause...

Endocrinology

Addison’s Disease in Dogs

Introduction Addison’s disease (AD) is also called primary adrenal insufficiency or hypoadrenocorticism (HA).1 It is a disorder of the adrenal glands, which are located near the kidneys. The glands are responsible for producing hormones – aldosterone and cortisol.1 The hormones’ purpose is to control the water balance of the body,...

Endocrinology

Diabetes Mellitus in the Pediatric Population

Introduction Diabetes mellitus is a relatively new clinical problem in the pediatric population. For instance, only a few decades ago, the prevalence of diabetes type 2 in children and adolescents was significantly low. Nevertheless, Reinehr (2013) notes that since the mid-1990s, researchers started to observe a growing incidence of diabetes...

Endocrinology

Diabetes Treatment

Treatment Type 1 Diabetes Type 1 diabetes implies insulin deficiency; To compensate for it, insulin replacement therapy is necessary; Treatment with sugar-reducing pills is contraindicated even during remission; The main course of treatment is exogenous insulin administration (National Health Service, 2016); Without insulin, patients will develop hyperglycemic ketoacidosis; The objective...

Endocrinology

Diabetic Ketoacidosis: Chronic Condition

Positive and Negative Findings Positive findings in the patient assessment include: Dizziness, nausea, inability to get out of bed for 4 days; Excessive urine production; Increased thirst; History of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, coronary artery disease; Excessive blood sugar (405), excessive blood pressure (190/101), tachycardia (102), increased respiratory rate (20); The...

Endocrinology

Diabetes Treatment, Medication and Diet

Introduction Diabetes mellitus is an endocrine disease that occurs quite often in patients of different ages and is characterized by hyperglycemia syndrome, which is a result of insufficient insulin production. With undue treatment, this disease can affect blood vessels, nervous system, and metabolism of patients. The purpose of this paper...

Endocrinology