Malaria and Global Determinants of Health

For the sake of discussion, it was chosen to focus on the infectious disease of malaria, which limits the quality of the global population’s life significantly. According to the World Health Organization (2018) statistics, the disease, which is transferred by parasites through bites, caused the deaths of 445,000 people in 2016. The population of Sub-Saharan Africa carries the largest burden of the disease, which means that it is the main target of treatment and prevention interventions. Education is the primary tool for preventing malaria from spreading (Chigozie, 2018). The population should be taught to avoid mosquitoes, staying inside during high seasons, use mosquito nets, and take preventive medicines.

Cultural limitations such as language barriers may hinder the intervention’s effectiveness, which means that healthcare providers should collaborate with local community leaders to administer education effectively. The dissemination of vaccines and medicine is the next step, which should involve the support of international organizations such as WHO or UNESCO. Malarone, Chloroquine, Doxycycline, Lariam, and Primaquine are the recommended medications that can be administered to the target population to manage malaria (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). It is important to educate the communities about the importance of medication because some of their cultural beliefs may be opposed to taking drugs.

References

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018). Choosing a drug to prevent malaria. Web.

Chigozie, E. (2018). 5 effective ways to avoid malaria in Africa. Web.

World Health Organization. (2018). Malaria key facts. Web.