Fluid and electrolyte balances influence many processes in the human organism. When these balances are disrupted, it influences and slows down many processes in the body. Fluid balance is the ratio between the amount of water that enters the body and the amount of fluid excreted from it over the same period of time (Roumelioti et al., 2018). The difference between these two should constitute zero normally, and lack of water leads to negative consequences such as dehydration and inhibition of body processes. Electrolyte imbalance is the abnormal (too few or too many) electrolyte concentration in the human body. It usually constitutes 1,5-11 mg/dl, depending on the microelement type. When the body lacks electrolytes such as “sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus,” it can lead to dehydration, respiratory problems, and blood clotting because of the wrong balance of microelements in the body (Naseem et al., 2019). One of the concerns is to examine how the patient with an electrolyte imbalance will present along with the treatment.
It is vital to consider the role of the medical personnel in the treatment of electrolyte imbalanced patients. If the patient is imbalanced, he can feel nauseous; his organism may work incorrectly, rejecting some medical drugs. Thus, nurses should assess the balance of electrolytes in the organism and implement prevention measures to align the balance of microelements (Kear, 2017). Doctors also should design an appropriate treatment to balance the fluctuation in the body. In addition, it is worth considering that an electrolyte imbalance can impact cell processes in the organism and thus influence mortality and sickness rates (Naseem et al., 2019), and it should be treated to avoid negative consequences. The imbalance leads to prolonged hospital stays and issues related to the prescribed treatment. It also increases treatment costs and can lead to irreparable damage to the patient’s health.
Therefore, it is crucial to consider the electrolyte balance before starting the treatment. Doctors should equalize the balance to average values to achieve the therapy’s expected results. Water, natural teas, and juices may contribute to the patient’s recovery and help useful substances to assimilate. The electrolyte imbalance can spoil the health background during the therapy; that is why the patient should be inspected to reveal the disbalance and prevent possible health deterioration.
Kear, T. (2017). Fluid and electrolyte management across the age continuum. Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses’ Association, 44(6), 491-496.
Naseem, F., Saleem, A., Mahar, I. A., & Arif, F. (2019). Electrolyte imbalance in critically ill pediatric patients. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 35(4). Web.
Roumelioti, M. E., Glew, R. H., Khitan, Z. J., Rondon-Berrios, H., Argyropoulos, C. P., Malhotra, D., Raj, D. S., Agaba, E. I., Rohrscheib, M., Murata, G. H., Shapiro, J. I., & Tzamaloukas, A. H. (2018). Fluid balance concepts in medicine: Principles and practice. World Journal of Nephrology, 7(1), 1–28. Web.