The medicaments amoxicillin, ampicillin, and carbenicillin, in contrast to such typical drug groups as penicillin and mezlocillin, inhibit complete protein synthesis, which signifies the proliferation of cells. Therefore, the target groups of antimicrobial drugs are suitable for a wide range of patients. Nevertheless, the professionals, who develop hospital formularies, must note that anti-infective reactions may be dependable on such factors as ethnicity, race, and gender characteristics. Mainly, according to medical research, Afro-Americans and the representatives of the white race have consistent differences in drug metabolism.
In detail, the former possess a higher level of hypertension than the latter, which means that Afro-Americans require the inhibition of integrated anti-infective therapies with the use of low-dose diuretics. Drug adherence may also be changeable, according to gender distinction. Thus, it is claimed that males are likely to adjust to anti-infective medication more efficiently than females. Conclusively, the medical professionals, who compile drug formularies, must consider ethnic/race/gender differences while providing the descriptions to medication use.
Moreover, the issues have to be taken into consideration in the individual treatment of patients. Except for generalized ethnic/race/gender precautions, the reaction to anti-infective medicaments may be unpredictable, which relies on the characteristics of the human organism. Therefore, it may be recommended to sustain monitoring trials, which last one week, with the aim of verifying the effects of antimicrobial medication on certain individuals. Only after the successful side effects monitoring the physicians may consider applying drug formulary for making a long-time prescription of the analyzed antibiotics.