The term case management has been constantly used over the past decades in the world of literature, referring to everything that revolves around the legislative system to the medical management of a patient’s care. The use of case management to counter the use of drugs has been a constantly debated and controversial matter over the years. Two case management, precisely the generalist and strengths-based, have proven to be effective and dependable for the substance abusers in general. The forms/models involved in case management include; the rehabilitation model, the generalist model, community assertive model, and the case management that are strength-based. The research below shows an overview of the different forms/models of case management and how they have been used to control drug/substance abuse.
Intensive care management
The use of intensive care management proved to be more effective in the homeless and the alcohol-dependent persons. The studies have shown significant improvements over time, with the core areas noted being the quality of life, the physical and mental life, the status of housing, and a major improvement in substance abuse. Through this model of care management, the research found out that there was a massive increase from the open sources that ranged from the drinking days to the nights that the concerned parties spent at their places. Based on a retrospective study, the research proved that the intensive care management was economical for chronic inebriates since their health costs were greatly reduced, with their services appropriately utilized.
Assertive community treatment
The greatest potential unfounded in this model of case management was the ability to decrease recidivism, relapse among parolees, and the risks of sexual behavior. This form of case management also yielded similar results with intensive care management, since it improved on the quality of life and also proved to be more cost-effective.
Strength-based case management
The strength-based form of case management was also greatly productive since it provided better outcomes in the legal platform. The employment situation also greatly increased within 12 months in a modality, with the drug use being reduced within three months. Lastly, it reduced the psychological problems at a three and 12 month follow up in another modality.
Generalist case management
This form of case management is also greatly important in that it has also stabilized the housing of the patients, with their employment status increasing each day, more so, among the graduates. The use of substance has also greatly reduced over time. Based on the research done, it can be concluded that some substantial amount of evidence is available for the different models of case. The most common positive effects of these models is the utilization of outpatient, and community-based services, due to the reduction in the inpatient services that have in time led to higher satisfaction among the clients. This showed that there was an improvement in the quality of life and the situations that seemed troublesome to the substance users.