This paper discusses the research components of some of the articles selected. The first article discussed is the research article by Dinkel and Schmidt (2014) on the ‘Health education needs of incarcerated women.’ The sample selected was in the form of two groups of women housed in maximum or medium facility. Two focus groups were used for the study. 8 of these were housed in maximum security with ages between 25 and 51 years. The second group also had eight women that were housed in medium security and had ages between 22 and 46 years (Dinkel & Schmidt, 2014, p. 230).
The data collection process involved interviewing of the participants on the health education needs in their respective facilities. The focus group discussions were held in classrooms within the facilities. The sampling design utilized in this research was stratified. Furthermore, research participants were organized into groups where they shared information on their health education needs while in the facility. The instrument used in data collection was an interview tool. In the research, guiding questions were presented to the inmates while written field notes were also utilized.
The validity and reliability of an instrument are major determinants of the outcome of any research. In this study, the research tool used is reliable and effective and provides the researchers with an opportunity to collect primary information. Additionally, this tool is used in many research designs where the researchers obtain useful information. Finally, the researchers obtained consent for their study from the Institutional Review Board (IRB) (Dinkel & Schmidt, 2014, p. 230). They also obtained consent from the Department of Corrections.
In the second article that was reviewed, the researchers examined the effects of spirituality, attitude, and purpose of life on organ donation. The sample utilized for the study was from Israel and consisted of 312 respondents (Bortz, Ashkenazi, & Melnikov, 2015, p. 25). The participants were 16 years or older, could understand Hebrew, and had constant access to the internet. The sample selection criterion used was convenience sampling (Bortz, Ashkenazi, & Melnikov, 2015, 27).
The data collection process included interviews that were conducted on the internet and through the use of interview documents. The respondents completed these questionnaires regarding their attitude, spirituality, and purpose of life. The questionnaires also contained information on organ donation and the demographic characteristics of these respondents (Bortz, Ashkenazi, & Melnikov, 2015, p. 27). The sampling design utilized in the study was convenient sampling where the participants required were selected based on their favorable characteristics.
The tool used in data collection in this study was similar to that of the previous study. Questionnaires were sent to the respondents. The results of the survey were analyzed and utilized to make the conclusions. The instrument used was valid and reliable. The researchers were able to collect information on the relationship between organ donation and other factors such as spirituality, attitude to life, and purpose of life (Bortz, Ashkenazi, & Melnikov, 2015). Additionally, this instrument allowed the researchers to make adequate conclusions on the research hypothesis. Finally, the researchers obtained consent for their study from the relevant authorities in their country and institution. In fact, they state that consent was obtained from the Tel Aviv University Ethics Committee (Bortz, Ashkenazi, & Melnikov, 2015, p. 27). This body is a replica of the IRB.
Bortz, A. P., Ashkenazi, T., & Melnikov, S. (2015). Spirituality as a Predictive Factor for Signing an Organ Donor Card. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 25(1), 25.
Dinkel, S., & Schmidt, K. (2014). Health Education Needs of Incarcerated Women. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 46(4), 229-234.