Mental Health Illness in Los Angeles California

Subject: Public Health
Pages: 10
Words: 2741
Reading time:
10 min
Study level: Bachelor


Homeless among African American women aged 18 and up has historically been a problem in Los Angeles, California. Along with deprivation, there is also the problem of persons who have been associated with a mental disorder. According to National Alliance on Mental Illness, homelessness can put a female’s physical and psychological health in danger. Many unmarried homeless women in Los Angeles, California, have more excellent rates of clinical depression, addiction issues, and other adverse health outcomes, as per the Alliance for the Homeless. The mental disorder was a significant issue in Los Angeles, California, in 1995. It was considered to be a very costly problem, as people with mental health problems accounted for more than half of all hospital wards.

Importance of the Research

The purpose of the study is to learn more about the effects of mental instability on African American women aged 18 and up in Los Angeles. Researchers have identified five main aspects of the impact of mental healthcare on African American women who have a mental illness. Racism, stigma, tradition, the five elements of access (accessibility, cost, availability, housing, and efficacy), and underuse of therapy services (Shepherd & Butler, 2020). This could be related to a counsellor’s racial and ethnic groups, which could be a barrier for African American women accessing mental health care because racial identity can influence how they seek medical help. As it is becoming common knowledge that mental illness has various origins, comprising biological, cognitive, and social factors, it has been common knowledge that many specialties and therapeutic techniques play vital roles. Different ways to treat depression, for instance, are required to aid patients in recognizing the root causes of their mental health.

This mental wellbeing study will identify biopsychosocial elements — how biological, psychological, and psychosocial adjustment interact — and population health patterns and social determinants. This information is extremely useful in determining the present mental health status in Los Angeles, California, and worldwide. The findings of this research impact disciplines like public health, health care, and education. This mental wellbeing research and assessment, for example, can influence global healthcare plans by supporting researchers and practitioners in developing policies to promote population mental wellbeing.

This study will also aid in the understanding of how to improve mental health in various communities effectively. Each group viewed mental health differently, from its meaning to communication. As a result, this mental health study and assessment shows mental health trends and significantly teaches us how to boost mental health in various racial and ethnic groups. What does the mental state in women entail? Is there a stigma attached to mental health issues? What is the public’s perception of people who have a mental illness? These are the kinds of problems discussed in this mental health study.The information gathered in this study will help researchers determine if the mental health care and resources offered to satisfy the needs of people with mental illnesses. This psychiatric research and assessment will inform public medical authorities and other key stakeholders about the present gaps so that policies and initiatives can be prioritized for communities with the most openings.

Furthermore, the study will prove the efficacy of global health policies and services. Women’s mental health research will aid in the development of evidence to the effectiveness of healthcare policies, strategies, and health – promotion programs. This data is critical for demonstrating the value and payback period for policies and programs that can be used to support local, state, and federal spending. According to mental health research studies, individuals who take the Mental First Aid (MHFA) course exhibit increased awareness of mental health, better confidence in assisting others in distress, and benefits in their psychological health. They’ve played a critical role in supporting groups and teachers in obtaining grant funds to bring MHFA to their societies.

The results of psychology and education and assessment studies will provide critical information regarding community needs and the effects of public educational programmers such as MHFA. These studies will thus offer direction on how best to promote women’s mental health in various circumstances. This will guarantee that financial investments are directed toward programs that have been shown to increase population psychological health and lower the stigma associated with mental in Los Angeles, California.

How the Research Contribute to Knowledge and Health among African American Women Ages 18 And Over

Clinical manifestation with depressive symptomatology, lack of thorough patient care, challenges with health professional interactions, competing medical needs of depression or anxiety, general medical issues, and negative stereotypes about treatment are some of the obstacles African American women in Los Angeles encounter in recognizing and treating severe depression. Due to physician-patient partners and awareness, African Americans with depression are underdiagnosed and improperly managed in primary healthcare.

Recognizing how to conquer these roadblocks in treating mental health disorders will help doctors better serve this population. Only 7% of African American females will obtain any form of mental health therapy, and depression is commonly underestimated and inadequately treated within African Americans (Roberts Kennedy, 2021). Because the sample size of Los Angeles has become increasingly varied, a client will likely meet a competent counsellor of a particular ethnicity (Shaka et al., 2021). People construct and evolve theories of illness and health and perceive and alter their health information through civilization (Buck, 2021). Culture impacts how people choose healthcare professionals, describe symptoms, weigh treatment alternatives, and track medication compliance. Being culturally appropriate supports the necessity of a mutual viewpoint between the customer and the practitioner. Both the supplier and the consumer must be culturally competent. There is a high possibility of success if the patient possesses cultural consciousness, understanding, and abilities that can aid in providing successful racially and culturally varied psychiatric care.

Despite advances achieved over the decades, racism still influences African Americans’ mental wellbeing. Organized structures within communities that produce preventable and unfair imbalances in power, wealth, competencies, and chances among ethnic backgrounds can be classified as racism (Hampole et al., 2019). Racism can take the form of prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination. The information in the literature of racial minorities and their societies of existence concerning race and racial relations is the emphasis of race theory (CRT). Increased race information will be critical to developing and maintaining quality standards. It is essential to pay attention to the past intricacies of how mental disorder has been viewed, portrayed, and postulated in the African American community to assist the current attempts of more cultural understanding in therapeutic approaches and professional approaches.

The research will also contribute to Knowledge and Health by educating on a negative attributes such as stigmatization. Stigma is cited by African American women’s psychological health clients as a severe obstacle to seeking treatment for mental issues. This is likely why Blacks (10.5 percent) are much less likely than whites (20.8 percent) to take part in mental health care (Schpero et al., 2017). Nothing has been done to assure fairness in psychiatric care in African American society. Promoting the incorporation of women’s rights and campaigning techniques in the role of mental health providers is one strategy to address inequalities in mental health treatment. Women with mental illness frequently adopt self-stigma or absorb stigmatization concerning themselves, which can exacerbate the course of the disease and, as a result, influence the public’s wrong impression of an individual. Many African Americans misunderstand what a mental health illness is, and they may avoid talking about it (Pain, 2018). Because of this lack of information, many people feel that mental disorder results from fear or a personal flaw. Patients are hesitant to seek medication because of the stigma attached to it.

Basic Study Design

The population of interest was young women aged 18-25 years (9.7%), followed by individuals aged 26-49 years (6.9%), and those aged 50 and beyond (5.9%). (3.4 percent). Adults who reported mental disorders (9.9%) had the highest concentration of SMI. While there are still discrepancies in mental health care among ethnic/racial groups, specific efforts have addressed the issue. However, according to a literature review, additional research is needed in this area, particularly for African American women with MDD. This quantitative design study aimed to look at how characteristics such as race, ethnicity, and age affected African American women with three primary mental health diagnoses: bipolar affective disorder and schizophrenia that were getting mental health support services. The primary goal of this research method was to look at the mental health of African American women.

Data were obtained using an exploratory Tran’s survey methodology. Young (25–45 years), center (46–65 years), and elderly (66–85 years) African American women were enrolled. The age categories were determined using the standard groupings used in lifespan research studies. To detect a moderate positive correlation (.25) at an alpha of.05 in assessing age group variations in representation, coping, and stigma, the preliminary descriptive analysis indicated that a sample group of 53 individuals per age category would offer power of.80. Researchers were concerned about individuals’ beliefs irrespective of their encounter with mental illness; therefore, women with no diagnosable mental disorder were eligible.

It was intended to incorporate data on a woman’s history of depression as a primary factor in their beliefs about the psychiatric condition. The local Review Board (IRB) would not endorse asking participants whether they had a mental disorder diagnosis when this survey was undertaken. Since the African American community in which the survey was performed is tiny, the IRB was concerned about a loss of confidentiality. There were also concerns that participants could be identified. As a result, our sample was deemed potentially susceptible by the IRB.

A record of 246 survey packages was issued, with 198 being completed and 13 being worthless due to large amounts of missing data. The final sample included 185 women in three cohorts: young (M = 35 years, SD = 6.4, n = 69), center aged (M = 53 years, SD = 5.2, n = 64), and old (M = 74 years, SD = 5.7, n = 53) (response rate = 80 percent). Two years of university or vocational school was the median degree of education. The typical annual household income was $20,001–$30,000, with a range of $0 to $80,000. Furthermore, 64.6 percent reported a household income of less than $30,000, 24.9 percent reported a household income of $30,001–$60,000, and 10% reported a household income of $60,001 or more. Over 50 % of the population (55%) defined themselves as working class, with 50 percent of the older women retired. Twenty-six % were engaged or cohabiting, whereas 28 percent had never wedded, 20 percent were bereaved, and 19 percent were separated. There were 2.9 children on average (SD = 2.5). Variations in demographic characteristics were evaluated by age group. The only notable difference was that older women (M = 4.4, SD = 3.2) had considerably more kids than younger (M = 2.1, SD = 1.9) or middle-aged (M = 2.8, SD = 1.9) women.

Research design not only helps to establish the problem, but it may also uncover suggestions and topics that must be addressed. In this scenario, data analysis could provide answers to concerns about the factors that influence single, formerly African American women’s assistance behaviours and use of mental healthcare services. Mathematical archived survey data will provide a statistical summary of selected factors by investigating a collection of African American women with schizophrenia, severe depression, and bipolar depression. Quantitative approaches test hypotheses by defining limiting assumptions and gathering information to support or contradict them. Intersectionality and the concept of access through the cognitive model of health service usage were the theoretical lenses through which this student examined the variables in the model.

Evaluating conflict among integration ideals and customers’ interests in desegregation litigations, iterative methods to achieve racial equality. Neutral fundamentals of constitutional law legalizing discrimination through anti-discrimination law, racially motivated jury nullification, and championship districting. Because critical race theory emphasizes what racial stratification is and how it works. It can add value to the social anthropology of mental health by linking emotional difficulties caused by racial class division. These issues often go beyond everyday mental health notions. Incorporating a critical race approach would highlight the reality that internal, individual-level etiologic causes frequently cause mental medical and mental health disorders.

The behavioural, medical model systems are the most often used paradigm for analyzing people’s access to quality healthcare. Individuals’ usage of medical services, particularly physician care, has been explained convincingly using this socio-behavioural paradigm. The paradigm considers three categories of events, such as population, health attitudes, and other personal qualities, to have a role in an individual’s usage of health services. The research study looked at aspects including demographics and diagnosis. Although discrepancies in healthcare coverage for minority populations in Los Angeles are well-acknowledged, scientists have few practical solutions to alleviate them. A complete understanding of the numerous factors that promote inequalities in access to care and consumption is required to successfully establish policies and influence program creation to reduce disparities in healthcare coverage and utilization. This study will give solid evidence to guide future strategies to increase accessibility to healthcare treatments and reduce inequities.

Instruments Used in Data Collection

Case records are managed and objectively documented fact-based documentation for the population serviced by competent mental health experts (social workers, caseworkers, and clinicians). The case record is kept knowing that it would be examined and used by other specialists, such as county lawyers, network operators (therapists, doctors, and psychologists), and others. To record the services provided to customers, use a secure, internet-integrated management system. In this scenario, the demographic data utilized in the study were maintained and archived using a web-based framework. The material is kept safe and can only be password-protected by users logged in. After logging into the system, you can use the menus to build custom studies and retrieve data for various purposes. Furthermore, the software allows the user to change specific time frames and variables to create spreadsheets with clearly categorized reports in numeric and text formats while maintaining participant confidentiality. Additional than age, ethnicity, race, and disease, the participants were assigned an identification number that comprised no other classification information.

Statistical analysis

The average age (dependent variable) was compared to females (M = 53.3, SD = 9.9) and males (M = 52.9, SD = 10.1) using an independent t-test, t (321) =.364, p =.716. The research hypothesis is accepted because the alpha utilized in this investigation was p >.05 (1=2). As shown in the graph below, there was no significant variation in ages between males and girls. The null hypotheses are found to be false. The following tests were carried out after separating the data and assessing the female participants, as this was the study’s main focus. The total number of participants was N = 145 due to this. This category includes African American women, Latina women, White women, and other women who did not identify as belonging to a certain race type or whose sample size was insufficient to include them.

Table 4.1 Independent t-test Results: Age by Gender

AGE FEMALE 145 53.30 9.948 826
MALE 178 52.89 10.108 758

A simple ANOVA test was used to examine if there was a substantial difference in the ages of the females in this psychological health student accommodation program. The influence of race on the mean age of the female participants was compared using a one-way Analysis of variance ( ANOVA comparing subjects. The descriptive statistic of the predictor variables of maturity level regarding females is shown in Table 4.2. This test found that there is a substantial distinction ages of African American women (M = 53, n = 81) against White women (M = 59, n = 31), but not Latin American women (M = 50, n = 65 30) [F (0, 3) = 5.29, p =.002].

The null hypothesis is thus denied, while the alternative hypothesis is supported. White women who use mental health kept services are older than African American women in the psychological health student accommodation programme chosen for this research in this geographic area, but they are significantly fewer. According to the findings, African American women are more likely than their White counterparts to devalue and need care. The same is also consistent with a past study on this demographic.

Table 4.2 Descriptive Statistics: Mean Age by Race

OTHER 46.67 6.028 3
WHITE 58.77 7.526 31
TOTAL 53.30 9.948 145


Buck, J. (2021). Problems With ‘Serious Mental Illness’ As A Policy Construct. Health Affairs, 40(12), 1953-1960.

Hampole, S., Nguyen, S., & Woodhead, E. (2019). Experience Disclosing Mental Health Conditions Among College Students from Different Ethnic Backgrounds. Building Healthy Academic Communities Journal, 3(2), 66-66.

Pain, E. (2018). Talking about mental health—and addressing the challenges that many academics face. Science, 40-49.

Roberts Kennedy, B. (2021). Depression and African Americans: Developing a Culturally Competent Minority Depression and Ways of Coping Scale. Public Health Open Access, 5(1), 50-51.

Schpero, W., Morden, N., Sequist, T., Rosenthal, M., Gottlieb, D., & Colla, C. (2017). For Selected Services, Blacks And Hispanics More Likely To Receive Low-Value Care Than Whites. Health Affairs, 36(6), 1065-1069.

Shaka, S., Carpo, N., Tran, V., Cepeda, C., & Espinosa-Jeffrey, A. (2021). Microgravity Significantly Influences Neural Stem Cells Size and Numbers: Implications for Long-term Space Missions. Journal Of Stem Cells Research, Development & Therapy, 7(4), 1-9.

Shepherd, M., & Butler, L. (2020). The underuse of couple therapy for depression in Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Services (IAPTS): a service evaluation explores its effectiveness and discussion of systemic barriers to its implementation. Journal Of Family Therapy, 43(4), 493-515.