Nursing theories form the foundation of nursing philosophy that guides nurses in the provision of quality patient care. Moreover, nurses have the professional obligation to systematically search scientific information as a basis for evidence on care delivery. Individual patient characteristics determine the course of care consistent with the nursing profession doctrine of patient-centered care. Nurses must possess analytical skills for critical evaluation of a patient’s health status to inform clinical decision-making. However, nursing theories provide a framework that shapes the overall conduct of nurses in clinical practice. Therefore, the discussion of Martha Rogers’ theory on the science of unitary human beings is crucial to understand the theory’s contribution to nursing practice.
The survival or coexistence of human beings demands perpetual mutual respect and dignity. According to Martha Roger’s theory, individuals do not exist in portions but function in totality (Phillips, 2016). Moreover, they form an integral component of the universe depicting the singular existence and interaction between individuals and the environment. Based on this principle, human beings with health deviations can consciously participate in change to improve their health status. Therefore, Martha Rogers acknowledges the current practice of individualized patient care.
Several ailments afflict the global population with devastating consequences. Therefore, societies should design interventions that mitigate the effects of various health challenges facing the international community. Martha Rogers postulated that illness reflects the health deviation in individuals’ lives (Phillips, 2016). However, health and illness exist in a straight line, with health forming a mirror over a patient’s life processes. Therefore, transformations in a patient’s life reflect the accomplishment of the patient’s health potential.
Healthcare practitioners use scientific knowledge and principles to treat different diseases facing human beings. The science of unitary human beings by Martha Rogers characterizes the life processes as energy fields, openness, pattern, and pan dimensionality (Malinski, 2018). The energy fields demonstrate the basic establishment that describes the environment’s entirety and the patient’s existence based on the idea. Openness reflects the sustained energy exchange between the patient and the environment, creating an equilibrium in the relationship. Moreover, pattern refers to the definitive features of the energy fields. Pan dimensionality depicts the arbitrary domains devoid of spatial or temporal attributes (Malinski, 2018). Therefore, the environment is essential for achieving good health status for human beings.
Nursing involves the compassionate care of human beings for the refinement of health conditions. Martha Rogers describes nursing as the act of creative utilization of scientific information to improve patients’ quality of life (Malinski, 2018). Nursing interventions such as therapeutic touches, guided imagery, and mindful thinking synchronize the connection between environmental and patient or human domains. The overall nursing responsibility in the care of patients entails cognitive behavior therapy and pain relief. Therefore, holistic care of patients is crucial to improve treatment outcomes.
Theoretical frameworks are profoundly applied in nursing education and research activities. To augment Martha Rogers’ ideas, researchers in quantum mechanics have established that everything has an impact on everything else (Zaccagnini & Pechacek, 2019). For this reason, Martha Rogers’s theory on the science of unitary human beings is ideal for the project effects of educational intervention on preceptor satisfaction since it will entrench the belief of generating desired output from the intervention.
Malinski, V. M. (2018). The Importance of a Nursing theoretical framework for nursing practice: Rogers’ science of unitary human beings and Barrett’s theory of knowing participation in change as exemplars. Cultura del Cuidado Enfermeria, 15(2), 6-13.
Phillips, J. R. (2016). Rogers’ science of unitary human beings: Beyond the frontier of science. Nursing Science Quarterly, 29(1), 38–46.
Zaccagnini, M., & Pechacek, J. M. (2019). The doctor of nursing practice essentials: A new model for advanced practice nursing. (4th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.