The Oncology Nurses’ Burnout and Their Personality Traits

The article in question, published in 2017, dwells upon the relationship between oncology nurses’ burnout and their personality traits. The purpose of the study was to measure the level of oncology nurses’ burnout, evaluate the stage of their burnout suffering, and analyze the correlation between personality traits and burnout (De la Fuente-Solana et al., 2017). The sample included 101 oncology nurses from a healthcare facility in Spain. Convenience sampling was utilized, and almost 70% of the participants were females, and 65.3% of the sample worked rotating shifts. The dependent variables were the level of burnout and the stage of burnout suffering. The independent variables were personality traits, including neuroticism, agreeableness, extraversion, conscientiousness, openness, as well as depression, and anxiety.

De la Fuente-Solana et al. (2017) employed a quantitative, observational, cross-sectional study design. The researchers used the Maslach Burnout Inventory, Golembiewski and Munzenrider phase model to measure burnout, Neo Five Factors questionnaire to evaluate personality traits, and Educational-Clinical Questionnaire: Anxiety and Depression to assess depression and anxiety. It was found that 29.6% of the participants were at the most severe phase of burnout. Neuroticism positively correlated, and such traits as agreeableness, openness, extraversion, and conscientiousness positively correlated with depersonalization and emotional exhaustion. Personal accomplishment negatively correlated with agreeableness, neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness, and openness. Anxiety and depression had a negative correlation with personal accomplishment and had a positive correlation with depression and anxiety. It was concluded that personality traits play a central role in the development of burnout, and nurses are at severe stages of burnout, which should be considered by the administration.

Reference

De la Fuente-Solana, E. I., Gómez-Urquiza, J. L., Cañadas, G. R., Albendín-García, L., Ortega-Campos, E., & Cañadas-De la Fuente, G. A. (2017). Burnout and its relationship with personality factors in oncology nurses. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 30, 91-96. Web.