Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms, Prevention and Lifestyle

Subject: Nursing
Pages: 4
Words: 841
Reading time:
4 min
Study level: College


Type 2 diabetes is brought by different factors that relate to the insulin supply in the body. For instance, the insulin a patient has may be atypical causing it not to work effectively in the body, or the cells that usually react to the accomplishment of insulin refuse to be stirred by it leading to the insulin being resisted or there is not enough supply of insulin existing. Physical inactivity, an excess gain of weight and aging are factors that contribute largely to developing type 2 diabetes. It is not at all time the above factors contribute to type 2 diabetes but also inheriting from parents is another main root for it to develop (Hicks, n.d).

The relationship between nutrition and type 2 diabetes

Nutrition plays a major role from a young age in determining whether type 2 diabetes will develop later on in someone’s life. It is required that someone should maintain a good diet from a tender age. If introduced early, bad nutrition may bring about factors that cause obesity. Earlier studies show what is normally consumed at young ages contributes largely to how obese someone grows. Obesity is one of the major risks in diabetes and an inactive body can even increase the chances. Good nutrition also includes exercising the body to avoid it being dormant. Dormancy of the body can lead to obesity. Good nutrition is important for patients who have already acquired type 2 diabetes therefore it should not be ignored. The caregivers are advised to give the patient nutritional foods to regulate the insulin in their systems. Good nutrition has proven to be essential in eliminating type 2 diabetes if not completely curing it (Malgorzata, Gronert & Ozanne, 2010).

National statistics describe the number of people affected by type 2 diabetes

90-95 percent is the number that is diagnosed in all reported cases of diabetes in adults of the United States. The commonly affected are the Hispanic/ Latino Americans, American Indians, Asians/ Pacific Islanders and African Americans. Type 2 diabetes is still rare in teenagers and children thus there is no distinct percentage that can be accounted for. In the year 2006, diabetes came in seventh as the cause of death in the United States. The number of death certificates was 72,507 in that year alone (NIDDK, 2008).

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes, necessary dietary modifications and nutritional therapy

Frequent urination, sores and cuts that take time to heal, a lot of unusual pain in the leg, blurry visions, dry mouth and itchy skin are some of the symptoms. The first most important thing is to include foods in your diet that will control the glucose level in your system. Proteins and fats are important in your diet but the most essential is carbohydrates because they provide the body with the right amount of glucose. The other important factor to note is that carbohydrates are broken down to glucose immediately they enter the body. Carbohydrates are divided into two groups that are, simple and complex. Simple carbohydrates are got from foods that are distinguished by fruits and sugars providing the body with lactose, sucrose, fructose and glucose. Complex carbohydrates include foods such as nuts, vegetables, beans and whole grains that supplement the body with essential fats. Complex carbohydrates are considered to be more healthy thus it is advisable to take them in large quantities. Another advantage of the complex carbohydrates is the foods taken are digested slowly hence the sugars realized are used to the full effect.

Lifestyle modification and preventing type 2 diabetes

Yes, lifestyle modification can help in preventing this disease. Many studies have concluded that diabetes is developed quickly in cases where there is excess weight gain and low levels of exercise. Having a life full of activities is essential in making sure that the disease is kept at bay. One can modify their life by ensuring that one exercises frequently and maintain a healthy diet. A diet that is free from fatty foods that cause weight gain is highly recommended. Maintaining a healthy diet can reduce the body weight by 7% and a weekly exercise of 150 minutes. A healthy diet and regular body exercise work well with anyone who has the disease despite age, race or color. It should be possible to delay or prevent the development of diabetic nephropathy and other complications, substantially reducing the individual and public health burden of diabetes (Keely, 2003).


On a final note, type 2 diabetes can be prevented by exercise and a healthy diet from a young age. If a particular case is due to hereditary factors, then a healthy diet that comprises carbohydrates should not be ignored. Good nutrition should be introduced at an early age because type 2 can be prevented. The ill person needs to avoid foods that are rich in protein and fats because they do not break down into sugars in the body quickly. You have the power to take control of type 2 diabetes therefore health care is essential at keeping the disease at bay.

Reference List

Hicks R. (n.d). Causes of diabetes. 2010. Web.

Keely S., (2003). Lifestyle Modification, Metformin Effective Prevention for Type 2 Diabetes. Web.

Malgorzata S., Gronert M. & Ozanne E. (2010) Mechanisms Linking Suboptimal Early Nutrition and Increased Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity. Nutritional experiences in early life, 140 (3), Web.

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney diseases. (2008) National diabetes statistics, 2007. Web.