The target population for a risk-reduction program is children aged between five and ten years because of the significant increase of their outdoor activities, pre-school and primary school attendance, as well as behavioral development changes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2015), around 12,000 children die each year from unintentional injuries, which points to the importance of the topic. The objective of a program is reducing the risks of injuries, both fatal and non-fatal among children aged between five and ten years. Key goals include parent education on injury risks (for example, boys being at higher risks than girls), the development of an action plan that will be easy for parents to follow, and the enhancement of communication patterns between children and parents for avoiding all possible risks of injuries.
The intervention for reducing risks can imply giving parents instructions developed on the basis of the Injury Prevention Program of the American Academy of Pediatrics (Barcelos, Del-Ponte, & Santos, 2017). As nurses implement it, home visits will take place to show parents how to use safety equipment and communicate instructions to their children. Pre- and post-intervention injury rates will be measured to test its effectiveness (Cheraghi, Poorolajal, Hazavehi, & Rezapur-Shahkolai, 2014). It is expected that the intervention brings significant relief to parents and educate them about effective methods of preventing unintentional injuries.
Barcelos, R. S., Del-Ponte, B., & Santos, I. S. (2017). Interventions to reduce accidents in childhood: A systematic review. Jornal de Pediatria, 17, 798-800. doi:10.1016/j.jped.2017.10.010. [Epub ahead of print].
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). CDC childhood injury report. Web.
Cheraghi, P., Poorolajal, J., Hazavehi, S. M. M., & Rezapur-Shahkolai, F. (2014). Effect of educating mothers on injury prevention among children aged <5 years using the health belief model: A randomized controlled trial. Public Health, 128(9), 825-830.