Public health nurses (PHN) play a critical role in providing healthcare for individuals, families, and society through delivering medical service, intervention, preventive care, and health education to communities. Moreover, they focus on determining specific environmental and socioeconomic conditions that promote the sustainable prosperity of a particular community. This paper aims to examine how geopolitical and phenomenological places influence a population or community assessment and intervention and how the nursing process is utilized to identify health issues and develop appropriate interventions.
Geopolitical and Phenomenological Influences
A geopolitical community is a community determined by natural areas, including hills, rivers, mountain ranges, and human-made boundaries, such as streets, municipalities, cities, districts, and countries. These boundaries can be detected in a map and serve as a guide for the government to allocate resources and provide critical humanitarian services, including healthcare (“Community Assessment,” 2016). Thus, a geopolitical place is directly connected with community assessments since a population within the same geographic region faces similar health issues and risk factors because of a shared cultural, political, and economic environment. Furthermore, epidemiological and other statistical researchers are usually founded on data gained from particular geopolitical areas.
Alternatively, a phenomenological community is a place where people realize collective experience and possess similar interests, beliefs, values, behavioral patterns, or goals. This may imply religious, academic, professional, or other social groups. An excellent example of a phenomenological community is a community of solutions that acquires profound significance for health planning (Nies, & McEwen, 2018). In particular, healthcare providers can base their decision-making regarding appropriate assessments and interventions on similar health problems and solutions and resources belonging to a specific area.
The nursing process (NP) is a systematic problem-solving method utilized to detect, prevent, or address real and possible health concerns by engaging all potential community stakeholders in decision-making and planning. It allows public health nurses to determine community strengths, health risks, needs, and problems and gather available resources and information relevant to attain the set healthcare objectives (Semachew, 2018). The nursing process also promotes realizing health education programs by collaborating with community stakeholders to implement appropriate preventive interventions.
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