Dorothy Johnson’s Nursing Theories

Dorothy was a remarkable nurse who considered nursing as a process of encouraging good behavior in ailing people (Kim & Kollak, 2006). Born in the early 90s, she significantly influenced nursing decisions in her lifetime, stressing the value of research and training in healthcare and pioneering theories in nursing. The theorist, who seized several prestigious positions in different institutions related to the field, emphasized that nursing was concerned with a person as a whole and both science and art must be applied.

Analysis of Theories

The theories propose several actions that guide, administer and make conclusions in nursing. Her model focuses on the conduct of person’s behavior and provision of regular individual requirements (Chitty, 2005). It is appealing to learn that people’s behavior relies on accomplishment, attachment, assertiveness, reliance, exclusion, sexual and ingestive characters. All the characteristics determine the behavior of patients; hence the interest to know how Dorothy relates this to the patient. Ingestion and elimination involves eating and removal of waste respectively. Assertiveness gives the patient preservation instinct and perpetuation, while through achievement one gains control of occurrences. Proliferation and satisfaction are the outcomes of sexual behavior, which is part of the model. Nurturing and creating social bonds is also significantly necessary in the process. The client has a behavioral arrangement encompassing structured, inter-reliant, interactive and incorporated divisions. Natural, emotional and sociological reasons will determine dependability (Kim & Kollak, 2006).

The Influence of a Nurse on a Patient’s Mental Health

This model enables the nurse involved in mental health to shift from normal medication to directing efforts in developing rapport with patients, in order to boost the recovery process (Kim & Kollak, 2006). A balanced state is upheld in the course of acclimatizing and bending to inner and outer forces. It is principal to observe the behavior of the subject in Dorothy’s model. A mental illness usually arises from social, cultural and environmental factors, and experiences that one undergoes. The relationship of the client, the environment and the healthcare giver must thus be specialized (Chitty, 2005).

A person is the recipient of bodily, cerebral, divine, sociocultural and psychosomatic components. The family and society are usually the persons who receive the healthcare. The potency and spirit of the mental patient is emphasized rather than making the subject feel vulnerable (Kim & Kollak, 2006). The behavioral arrangement includes smaller arrangements, which strive to sustain a stable state.

The degree of how well or sick a person is describes health. It involves the balance and stability that the individual has to prevent illness and recovery. Nursing involves giving attention to a patient, and all the actions and attributes that involve healthcare. It is the necessary external force needed when instability is noticed in a patient.

The surroundings include all the inner and exterior factors and circumstances affecting the individual. All the influences controlling the behavior of a person are part of the setting (Kim & Kollak, 2006). The environment affords the client information, and its rate of changes ultimately calls for modification in actions. These four elements must be clearly comprehended to understand the theories applicable in dealing with outpatient psychological well being individuals. They must be applied in practice in order to bring in the value of the treatment process.


Health must be analyzed from biological and behavioral angles. The metaparadigm is obligatory for the execution of the aspirations of both the nurturer and the institution represented, presenting a boundary of limitations and boundaries that the discipline faces. The healthcare administration is responsible for selection of which theory would be applicable to the care given. Conflicting theories in one setting may obstruct the direction of activities and quality of healthcare given. Selection of a single theory would thus improve efficiency, guide nursing procedures and uphold the nursing vocation.


Chitty, K. (2005). Professional nursing: concepts and challenges. Missouri: Elsevier health sciences.

Kim, H. & Kollak, I. (2006). Nursing theories: conceptual and philosophical foundations. New York: Springer publishing company.