The research article, “Comparison of Education versus Behavioral Skills Training Interventions in Lowering Sexual HIV-Risk Behavior of Substance-Dependent Adolescents” by St. Lawrence et al. (1995), is correlational research because it uses statistical analysis to investigate the connection between two variables (Rezigalla, 2020).
In the case of this article, the author’s role was to establish the relationship between two HIV educational awareness, that is, standard HIV education or behaviors skills training HIV-risk reduction intervention, to the vulnerability of adolescents to HIV infection. The research goal was to determine if behaviors skills training HIV-risk reduction intervention or standard HIV education can reduce adolescents’ risk of HIV.
The overriding issue in this paper is lowering the risk of HIV infection among substance-dependent adolescents using educational methods. The authors want to prove which strategy, behavioral skills training intervention, or HIV education, can be used to achieve the study’s goal. St. Lawrence et al. (1995) correlational research found that skills training centered on cognitive principles might reduce high-risk adolescents’ vulnerability to HIV infection.
The research has various practical applications: for example, the authors mentioned “warrant evaluation in a controlled comparison with a larger sample.” This means that the research laid the basis for further study, which is helpful. Additionally, the study boosted public knowledge through educational training to reduce HIV infection and promote health. On the other hand, several authors have cited the research paper while studying human behaviors and their impacts; one such study is Berkman et al. (2019).
The research article “Comparing Self‐directed Methods for Training Staff to Create Graphs Using GraphPad Prism” is an example of a correlational study. This study aims to compare two variables, training methods and making scientific graphs using GraphPad Prism.
Berkman, S. J., Roscoe, E. M., & Bourret, J. C. (2019). Comparing Self‐directed Methods for Training Staff to Create Graphs Using GraphPad Prism. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 52(1), 188–204.
Rezigalla A. A. (2020). Observational Study Designs: Synopsis for Selecting an Appropriate Study Design. Cureus, 12(1), e6692.
St. Lawrence, J. S., Jefferson, K. W., Alleyne, E., & Brasfield, T. L. (1995). Comparison of Education versus Behavioral Skills Training Interventions in Lowering Sexual HIV-risk Behavior of Substance-dependent Adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63(1), 154–157.