Nola J. Pender’s Health Promotion Model

Subject: Nursing
Pages: 1
Words: 284
Reading time:
2 min
Study level: PhD

Nola Pender’s health promotion model is a mid-range theory based on social cognitive theory. According to the model, people are affected by multiple beliefs, motivations, and situations that contribute to present and future attitudes and behaviors (Frenn, 2020). The primary endpoint of the model is health-promoting behaviors (Sevinc & Argon, 2018). According to this model, nurses play a key role in training and motivating patients to achieve the best outcomes through self-care and proper health-related behaviors. Importantly a holistic approach is used as behavioral, cognitive, and social aspects are involved in care provision.

Nursing practitioners widely employ this model in diverse settings. The focus is often on training patients and improving their self-care skills (Karataş & Polat, 2021). This model can guide the proposed study in at least three ways. First, since the purpose of the proposed research is to shape patients’ behaviors and encourage them to develop an appropriate health behavioral pattern, the model is an optimal choice. Second, Pender’s framework involves a focus on social, cognitive, and behavioral domains, which offers comprehensive guidance for the present research. The nurse will create a plan that will address all three aspects, which will help the healthcare provider to remain focused (Hsu et al., 2018). Third, the model is a sound basis for the implementation of a nursing study because it provides a framework for the analysis of the relationship between patients’ behaviors/experiences and their health outcomes that can be measured (Hsu et al., 2018). The model encompasses a clear structure of the link between different situations and behavioral patterns, which serves as the ground for the development of relevant methodology. Therefore, Pender’s model is chosen as a guiding theoretical paradigm for the present study.


Frenn, M. (2021). Introduction. In M. Frenn & D. K. Whitehead (Eds.), Health promotion: Translating evidence to practice (pp. 1-7). F. A. Davis Company.

Hsu, M. S. H., Rouf, A., & Allman-Farinelli, M. (2018). Effectiveness and behavioral mechanisms of social media interventions for positive nutrition behaviors in adolescents: A systematic review. Journal of Adolescent Health, 63(5), 531-545.

Karataş, T., & Polat, Ü. (2021). Effect of the nurse-led program on the exercise behavior of coronary artery patients: Pender’s health promotion model. Patient Education and Counseling, 104(5), 1183-1192.

Sevinc, S., & Argon, G. (2018). Application of Pender’s health promotion model to post-myocardial infarction patients in Turkey. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 11(1), 409-418.