Geographical Areas that Influence Health

Geographical locations inhabited by individuals have great influence on the health of an individual. The health fitness of an individual can easily be affected by the place where an individual is living at that particular time. People living in well-developed countries suffer less health related complications as compared to those living in developing countries. For example, the children’s mortality rate is high in most of the third world countries as compared to Europe and other western countries (Anderson et al, 2008). This is due to the fact that most third world countries have less health facilities thus they are unable to offer the necessary medical attention to the high number of population in those countries.

Another factor that affects the health of a person is his or her status, people living in poverty and struggling to meet their daily basic needs have health related complications. Poor families work hard in order to acquire their daily necessities such as food, shelter and clothing, some time they are unable to provide a well-balanced diet that is meant to boost their immunity and offer protection from various diseases (Anderson et al, 2008). Similarly those people who are rich still have their own worries as they are affected by various health complications such as high blood pressure and diabetes due to their lifestyle.

People living in slums and congested areas have poor health as compared to those living in less crowded areas. In highly populated areas the spread of diseases is very high as compared to those areas with low population. In this geographical area where the surrounding is densely populated, the air and water borne related diseases are easily spread from one individual to the other. In regions where population is less and scattered, the spread of diseases such as cholera, typhoid and diarrhea is less recorded as the spread is curbed as soon as there is an outbreak (Berkman & Kawachi 2007). The death rates associated with air or water related diseases are highly recorded in areas that are densely populated as compared to the number of deaths caused by the same diseases in less populated areas.

People living within the industrial areas have various complications related to the air and water pollution from the waste products released by the industries either to the air or into the water. Industries cause environmental pollution which affects the surrounding in terms of causing various health hazards to the people living within the industries (Berkman & Kawachi 2007). It is noted that, people living within industries and factories will suffer from various illnesses such as chest pain, lungs and asthma complications due to inhalation of polluted air or drinking water that contains poisonous chemicals released to the river by surrounding industries. People living in hot and dry regions have different health complications as compared to the people living in cold and wet regions. People in areas with very hot and scorching sun will be affected by skin cancer, malaria and eyes problem where else people in cold and wet places which receive high rainfall will be affected by ailments such as pneumonia.

In conclusion it can be deduced that various geographical areas have different influence to the health of an individual, as various diseases experienced by different people differs from one location to another. The environmental climate and the statues of individuals have a great effect their health fitness.


Anderson, R., T., Sorlie, P., Backlund, E., Johnson, N., and Kaplan, G., A. (2008). Mortality effects of community socioeconomic status. Epidemiology, 8:42-7.

Berkman, F., L, and Kawachi, I. (2007). Social Epidemiology. New York: Oxford University Press.