Side Effects of Psychopharmacological Agents

Subject: Pharmacology
Pages: 1
Words: 253
Reading time:
< 1 min

Firstly, these are antianxiety agents commonly used for treating anxiety disorders and symptoms. The names of drugs belonging to this class are benzodiazepines such as alprazolam (Xanax), and other medications including buspirone (BuSpar) and paroxetine (Paxil). Antidepressant drugs are intended for treating the major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, and bipolar disorder. These constitute venlafaxine (Effexor), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as fluoxetine (Prozac) and sertraline (Zoloft), tricyclic antidepressants such as desipramine (Norpramin), and perphenazine/amitriptyline combinations (Etrafon).

The class of Antimanic agents has drugs that treat mania associated with bipolar disorder (or manic-depressive disorder). These are divalproex sodium (Depakote) and lithium carbonate (Lithium,Tegrator). Antipanic combinations target the panic symptoms that are mostly characterized by many anxiety disorders. This class of therapeutics includes clonazepam (Klonopin), paroxetine (Paxil), and alprazolam (Xanax). Next, the antipsychotic class of agents alternately known as neuroleptic agents are used to prevent psychosis arising from schizophrenia, delusional disorder, and brief psychotic disorder. These drugs include clozapine (Clozaril), risperidone (Risperdal), and also phenothiazines such as prochlorperazine (Compazine).

Drugs used for treating Obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD are fluvoxamine (Luvox), and sertraline (Zoloft). The central nervous system stimulants known as Psychostimulants are commonly used to manage attention deficit disorders (ADD and ADHD) and narcolepsy. Drugs in this class are hydrochloride (Methylin, Ritalin) and methamphetamines (Desoxyn, and DextroStat). Although these drugs have efficacy in treating psychological disorders, they also possess side effects like drowsiness, disorientation, delirium, aggressiveness, tremor, alterations in the regular heartbeat, headache, sleeplessness, gastrointestinal discomfort, and muscle spasms, and agranulocytosis.