Located at the stern of the abdominal cavity, the kidneys are positioned on each side of the spine and are capable of receiving blood from the harmonized flow of the blood commencing from the renal arteries and then deplete to the renal veins. Typically, the left kidney is on average vaguely larger than the right-side kidney. Being an important organ of the body, it has very many imperative functions including balancing body chemicals, releasing hormones, controlling blood pressure and a chief purpose of removing wastes from the blood to the urethra as they serve as a natural filter of urine, and thus maintain a “clean” body.
Renal failure is a commonly known disease of the kidney that is usually also referred as kidney failure or renal insufficiency. This is a therapeutic condition in which the kidneys fail to perform its normal functions. The kidney gradually losses its grip and fails to satisfactorily filter toxins and wastes materials from the blood. The decrease in the flow rate of the filtered fluids through the kidney makes the beginning of their malfunction, resulting to the squat of the volume of the blood plasma that is emptied off creatinine.
This malfunction later on becomes a great aspect for the doctors in the determination of the renal failure in a person. The elevated levels of creatinine serum determine the extent of the kidney damage, thus categorizing it to either the acute kidney injury or the chronic kidney disease. Breakdown of the kidney will involve abnormally heightened fluid levels in the body, including potassium, calcium and phosphate, and if it goes for long, it is known to cause anemia.
Acute kidney failure usually arises when the human blood supply to the kidneys is abruptly intermittent or an instant where the kidneys are constantly exposed to an overload of toxins for a comprehensive period of time. The acute kidney failure could be caused by accidents, injuries and at some time, from the problems experienced in surgery. When it comes to acute failure, there is a bit of chance since the kidneys can improve and recover back to their normal functions and allow the person to resume back to normal life activities.
It is generally characterized by the rapid progressive failure or reduced production, which can be measured by less than 400ml in a day for adults, while in children, though very uncommon, less than 0.5ml. This makes it important to be identified and treatment provided to arrest any advancement to bridge the gap called for treating these fundamental causes.
In the case study of M.L., after going through the accident, she suffered the crush syndrome where great amounts of contaminants were unexpectedly released in her blood transmission after she experienced a long compression on her limbs that suddenly relieved from the exerted pressure. This then inadvertently obstructed the flow of her blood through her tissues causing localized anemia.