To begin with, it should be stated that the main aim of the study is to fill the theoretical gap within the researches dedicated to the study of the patient perspective in the context of having diabetes. The main focus is made on the matters of the process of illness evolution and appearing, thus, the research, in general, will be useful for the wider understanding of this patient group, their concerns, requirements, and conditions in general. Moreover, the paper will be useful for the lessening of the suffering of the patient suffering and better facilitating their adaptation to the illness and the new life situation.
The audience, which was selected for the research included seven persons with newly discovered diabetes. To minimize the likelihood of interference of doctors’ personalities in the study, the patients were selected from two different hospitals. Taking into consideration the factor of anonymousness, it should be emphasized that the original results may be subjected to an increasingly thorough checking, as people, who participated in the research experienced deep sorrow on the matters of their decease, thus, they could exaggerate the real indicators and data, which they pointed out during the research process.
The research itself is based on the previous researches of falling ill with diabetes, which is analyzed in the context of the survey with the application of the reflective lifeworld research approach (RLR), based on phenomenological epistemology as described by Dahlberg in his research on the matters of phenomenological analysis of lifeworld phenomena. The tools which were used for the research and data collection are based on the volunteer and anonymous interviews of diabetic patients from two different hospitals. The data processing was performed based on the methodology by Dahlberg and is represented in the paper as the quantitative analysis of the blood analysis results in comparison with the qualitative analysis of the patients’ physical and moral conditions.
The type of qualitative study, which is applied for the paper is associated with the case study, as the amount of persons, subjected to the study allows to make personal conclusions but not the conclusions made on the average data. The theoretical background of the qualitative study is represented by the extensive literature review all through the paper. Thus, the quantitative aspects of the study were taken into consideration only after the thorough study of the medical documents of the patients.
As for the matters of ethical considerations, it should be emphasized that all the requirements were met. Originally, all the concerns of the ethical issues were attributed to the operative managers at the hospital units. As the informants were given all the necessary recommendations and guarantees on the matters of the aims of the study, the participation was voluntary and could be terminated at any moment without any explanation from the side of the participant. Respect for and attention to an influence on the participant’s health was observed, taking into consideration that the writing could result in strong feelings.
In the light of the fact that the research is anonymous and voluntary, the variables, which are used in the paper are regarded to be dependable on the information, provided by the informers. The diabetic means are the independent variables, as these indicators are comparatively constant and represent the physical conditions of the patients by the scale of physical conditions and blood analysis.
Finally, it should be emphasized that the study, in general, indicates the importance and usefulness of the lifeworld perspective in the issues of care and treatment. Originally, the paper emphasizes the fact that this perspective, and care, based on these principles may essentially assist the patient with a newly discovered diabetes to get adapted to the new realities of life, and gradually incorporate the sickness into the life situation.
Originally, such care is convenient for preventing the disease from evolution, thus, preventing the patient from regarding it as the dominating concern, while the problem is often represented to be more serious than it is. The results of this paper may be used for further researches, associated with the treatment of diabetes and the psychological condition of the patients, linked with their actual blood conditions and levels of sugar.
Johansson, K., Ekebergh, M. & Dahlberg, K. 2009, ‘A lifeworld phenomenological study of the experience of falling ill with diabetes. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 46(2 ), 197-203.