Chronic diseases are a major concern across the world. In the United States, for instance, the Center for Disease Control estimates that chronic diseases account for seven out of the ten leading causes of death in the country. It is also a known fact that these diseases affect one’s quality of life. It is therefore advisable to take measures to avoid the risk of chronic diseases. One of such diseases is heart disease. Outlined below are measures one can take to reduce the risk of heart disease.
The first measure is ensuring one eats a healthy diet. Eating a balanced diet that is rich in fresh fruits and vegetables is another risk-reducing measure. In addition, one should eat a diet that is low in saturated fats and cholesterol. This diet should also consist of high fiber. Reducing the amount of sodium intake also helps prevent heart attacks.
Maintaining a healthy weight also reduces the risk of heart attacks. Bodyweight is mostly monitored using a body mass index ratio. Physicians stipulate the healthy body mass index ratios. Exercising regularly is also another way of reducing the risk of heart disease. This is because it helps in maintaining a healthy weight and lowers the level of cholesterol. Avoiding smoking is also known to reduce the risk of heart disease. For those who are already smoking, it is important that they quit the habit. Too much alcohol also increases the level of high blood pressure and consequently the risk of heart disease.