Risk Reduction Strategies for Post-operative Breast Cancer Patients

Subject: Oncology
Pages: 2
Words: 678
Reading time:
3 min

Mansooreh Rooeintan is a member of Iran’s Lorestan University of Medical Sciences student research committee. Mojgan Khademi and TaherehToulabi are Doctors at the Social Determinants of Health Research Center and School of Nursing and Midwifery in Iran. At the same time, Fatemeh Heshmati Nabavi is a doctor at the Evidence Based Care Research Center and Mashhad’s School of Nursing and Midwifery. Lastly, Mojtaba Gorji an Oncologist Hematologist medical doctor at Khorramabad in Iran.

This article investigates the postdischarge requirements of cancer patients. The source highlights that improved cancer treatment plans have increased the lifespan of patients. However, the disease results in various physical and psychological strains among survivors since patients continue treatment in their homes instead of hospitals. The article’s main findings are that cancer patients often experience increased emotional problems, anxiety, and reduced ability to adjust to the new care environment. Overall, the research posits that nurses should compile adequate cancer patients’ postdischarge needs to help clients’ caregivers offer quality care.

The source’s main strength is that it uses individual interview method to gather information, which allows the researchers to acquire primary knowledge. However, this study’s main weakness is that it interviewed only nine patients: two oncologists, four nurses, and four patients’ accompaniments – the respondents are very few to represent the attitude of millions of cancer patients undergoing postdisharge care.

Rooeintan et al. will inform the project on how nurses can provide outpatient care and short-term cancer patients’ admission to assist the clients’ families in offering quality postdischarge care. This source accentuates Salibasic and Delibegovic, as it informs how nurses can help family members improve the care of cancer patients at home.

This article relates to the risk reduction strategies in the care of post-operative and depressed breast cancer patients. It emphasizes helping nurses develop a postdischarge care system that they can use to assist the patients’ families in providing the required assistance to their ailing loved ones. This article uses a qualitative approach to understand postdischarge cancer patients’ requirements that suits risk reduction approaches that caregivers can use to improve the quality of life of post-operative breast cancer patients suffering from depression.

Samir Delibegovic is a professor of abdominal surgery at the University Clinic Center, Tuzla, since 1998. Delibegovic completed his Postgraduate Course for Master Degree, in 1999 at the University of Tuzla and acquired a PhD at the University of Tuzla in 2005. Similarly, Mirhan Salibasic is a surgeon at the Clinic for Abdominal Surgery in the University Clinical Center Sarajevo.

This source uses Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI, II) to investigate the extent of depression and quality of life of mastectomized women. The article suggests that the quality of life of women who have undergone radical/ breast-conserving surgery is constant before and after the operation. However, patients assessed after undergoing radical mastectomy indicated an advanced level of depression than individuals who underwent breast-conserving surgery. Overall, the research states that oncology patients’ rehabilitation should be multidiscipline to address patients’ psychological and physical requirements that may lead individuals to fall into depression.

This source’s main strength is its use of the qualitative research method, which allows the acquisition of raw data and the use of several respondents (160). However, the study only includes patients sourced in one healthcare facility in Bosnia Herzegovina; thus, it limits the participants’ scope and their experience after mastectomy. This source will inform the research on possible ways to reduce breast cancer patients’ vulnerability to depression in the post-operation phase. Furthermore, the source complements other sources in the bibliography since it seeks to improve patients’ families’ ability to enhance the wellbeing of mastectomized clients in postdischarge.

This source supports the EBP project by offering qualitative information for preventing and addressing depression symptoms among mastectomized patients. The investigators interviewed one hundred and sixty patients concerning challenges that could cause depression. The article is significant for the medical field since it guides nurses on coaching mastectomized clients’ caregivers to offer quality physical and mental care after hospital discharge. Quality care is crucial in post operation as it protects patients from experiencing depression.