The prevalence of cancer types is associated with the specifics of its detection and diagnosis. Colorectal cancer is difficult to diagnose, and most often, it is detected already at advanced stages. The decline in the prevalence of cervical cancer is due to the development of regular screening of women, as well as vaccinations against HPV, the leading cause of uterine cancer. Cervical cancer is a visual type of cancer, and there is no need to use expensive or invasive examinations to detect a tumor or precancerous condition. It is enough to visually determine the precancerous pathology with the help of colposcopy, confirming the diagnosis by cytological examination.
Often, tumors do not exhibit any particular symptoms which would be specific for a certain type of cancer. Therefore, diagnostic procedures are delayed, and patients learn about the disease too late. Among the nonspecific symptoms, the following four signals can be distinguished. The most common nonspecific symptoms of any type of cancer are fatigue and weakness, which are very easy to misinterpret and misdiagnose. Bone pain, in its turn, can be a sign of oncological processes happening in the bone tissue. There are also nonspecific dermatological symptoms which are common among many other diseases. Darkening or yellowness of the skin, itching, and many others can be the signs of skin or internal organs cancer. A combination of problems with swallowing and digestive disorders calls for suspicion of pharynx, esophagus, or gastrointestinal cancer.
Based on the described symptoms, Aaron likely has non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Patients diagnosed with early aggressive non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma are usually treated with combination chemotherapy, including multiple chemotherapy drugs and monoclonal antibodies. Radiation therapy is often given, either after or at the same time as chemotherapy. It is used for a specific group of affected lymph nodes.